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The Beauties of the Monte Baldo

05 marzo 2006

written by: Giovanni Finotti

The Monte Baldo also said "Hortus Europae" for the extraordinary variety of its vegetation, it is above all known as a marvellous point of view from which you can enjoy a splendid sight of the lake of Garda. In the following article there will be described its general characteristics.

The Monte Baldo starts from the oriental coast of the Garda (from Torbole in Torri del Benaco for more than 35 kilometers) and end in the val Lagarina crossed by the river Adige. Along the lake bank there are Malcesine, the Val di Sogno, Cassone, Brenzone, in front of Trimelone Island, Pai and Torri del Benaco. The most elevated tops of the Baldo are, starting from right: Coal Santo (2074 meters), Telegrafo (2200 meters), Valdritta (2218 meters), Longino (2180 meters), Pozzette (2128 meters). Through Tratto Spino, near the arrival of the funivia from Malcesine, begins the pianoro della Colma (1790 meters) one that dies in the precipice of the Bocca di Navene (1430 meters). The watershed goes up again therefore on the Monte Altissimo di Nago (2078 meters) degrading in end with various backs toward Torbole. The side of the mountain is rather steep, well covered from the vegetation up to almost 2000 meters, deeply engraved by valley furrows that they often open aloft in "glacial circuses", that is basins occupied by the snow for good part of the year

Clicca per ingrandire
Clicca per ingrandire
Clicca per ingrandire
Clicca per ingrandire
Clicca per ingrandire

Between a valley and the other the rock assumes the form of great flave. Among the rocks you can easily find some fossils rests of ancient living beings; among the more communes are admonishes, and “nummuliti” and the “alveoline”. All the rocks of the Baldo, primarily calcareous, are easily enough victims of the water erosion, for which introduces numerous specific phenomenons called “carsici”: caves, stalactites, holes, rising originated from the underground circulation of the water and basins formed by the erosive action of the glaciers as the "the giants' pots" and those that are found to Prada near San Zeno in the Baldo lower part. The mountain sinks in the lake with steep slopes, so that to reduce to a small band the habitable part along the coast. The side of the mountain, up to the 500 meters around, it is in prevalence covered by olive trees, that in the artificial terraces are lined up often for the strong inclination of the slope. Above the beautiful band of olive trees, up to the 700 meters the ground is very crumbly covered by lawn. There are some isolated country houses, today for the most uninhabited; the only possible agricultural activity is the growning of hay.
This ground often introduces vast smooth rocky surfaces dcoming from the ancient glacier, on which it is not rare to discover rocky incisions going up again to different periodes. Above the 700 meters it begins the wood, constituted by different plants among which dominate the “carpini” and the oaks; the chestnut trees are found only in some damp areas. On this slope of the Baldo, above a wide ledge in balcony, that prolongs him toward North for some kilometers, nearly maintaining itself to an equal quota, the country of San Zeno di Montagna it is found. A step separates more aloft, the plans of Prada from those more lower part than the Lumini, that form a kind of basin with holes that absorb the waters of surface. The fund of the basin is covered by lawns of “sfalcio”, while the slopes of the Belpo mountain and the Risare mountain encircle it of chestnut trees, oaks and cores. The zone of Prada, uniform between Prada Bassa and Prada Alta, is typically by now in environment they climb on. The landscape is characterized by lawns divided by small walls to dry and from isolated houses with rustic attached and old paths that bring to the “malghe”. These are found over the 1200 meters.
Here woods of beech trees, cores and junipers mix witho the lawns. Beyond the 1500 meters the spaces are only exploited by the bovine breeding up to the crests of Naole, from where the Baldo begins. From here the landscape vision it is magnificent, in how much both the slopes Baldensis are gathered: to west the lake of Garda can almost entirely be admired, to south the slopes of the same mountain are extended, that they extinguish in the plain one of Caprino, and to east the valley of the Adige opens, overhung by the western slopes of the Lessini mountains. To south. east of the Baldo they are extended the high ground that dominate the sweet gulf of Garda and that they represent the extreme layers of the two last elevations toward South of the Montw Baldo: the Belpo mountain and the Risare mountain. On these hills there are some most typical landscapes in the zone of the Garda, characterized by the cultivation of grapevines and oil and from the constructions with round morainic blocks of porfido (the seregnis, that struck the Goethe in his trip to Verona). The rocky (the senges) slopes are typically covered by a Mediterranean spontaneous vegetation of evergreen, of laurel, of lecci, of aromatic grasses and of oleanders and very beautiful cypresses. The Belpo mountain and the Creta mountain dominate the plain of Caprino, surrounded to east from the morainic hills of Rivoli and to west from those of Garda, that both almost insensitively connect him to the Baldo itself. Here cultures are interrupted from the numerous roads that connect the zone with Verona and the highway of the Brennero.

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